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Allergic rhinitis in children

Seasonal allergy (hay fever)
You may know some people with hay fever. When pollen blows in the wind, these people begin to sneeze and itch in their noses as well as runny. The tree pollen is the usual reason for this condition in the spring, while the ragweed is the reason in the autumn (the flowers rarely cause hay fever because of the large size of their pollen, where they cannot fly over distances; rather they move from a place To a place by insects and other beings).
Hay fever usually affects children after they are three or four years old, and it is often a hereditary condition within the family. Also, it is likely that the tears of the eyes and the feeling of itching in them constantly are symptoms of allergies, and the doctor can make sure to diagnose allergies based on symptoms and physical examination and his knowledge of the nature of the most common and widespread pollen in your area at different times of the year.
The incidence of allergic rhinitis throughout the year
Many chi…

Bronchitis pneumonia in children

Bronchitis bronchitis

The largest ducts inside the lung are known as the airways. When these bronchitis is inflamed - and always caused by a virus infection - the condition is called: bronchitis. The condition is usually accompanied by a cough, sometimes with little fever. Parents are concerned when they hear the mucus vibrate inside their child's chest, and in reality the voice (piss) starts to sound loud in the throat, even though this disturbing sound is transmitted to the chest. However, this type of bad breath is usually not a sign of a serious illness.

Mild infections of bronchitis - not accompanied by high fever (fever) or loss of appetite - are slightly worse than catching a cold, which is the same treatment for acute colds, as you should stick to rest, drink fluids, and eat honey in milk or Water to calm a cough (for children over two years), show love and tenderness while caring for the child, and remember that antibiotics do not eliminate viruses, and do not ever help in case of bronchitis. Also, over-the-counter antitussives are not effective for children; they can be dangerous for them, and therefore it is best to avoid them altogether.

Call your doctor if your child appears tired (if he has a state of loss of energy and exhaustion and his movement is heavy or his gait is staggering) or he becomes short of breath or breathes quickly when he does not make an effort or has a fever exceeding 38 degrees Celsius. It is worth noting that bronchitis can be similar to other more serious diseases and infections that require treatment with antibiotics or even hospitalization, especially in cases of children under six months of age.

Bronchiolitis (respiratory syncytial virus)

With bronchiolitis, the infection travels from the larger respiratory channels (bronchi) to the lower air passages smaller in the lungs (bronchioles). Bronchiolitis symptoms include swelling, mucus, and white blood cells that partially narrow and block the air ducts. Among the many different viruses that cause bronchiolitis, Respiratory Syncytial Virus is the most common. RSV infection is easily spread through actual contact with an infected person, especially during the winter months.

Bronchiolitis is common in children between the ages of two months and up to two years of age, and begins with a common cold, often accompanied by a fever, followed by a cough, hearing wheezing and difficulty breathing.

When the child breathes, his nostrils are open to the end of each other, and the skin around the ribs and top of the collarbone appear with signs indicating difficulty in drawing air in. Doctors are familiar with the search for these signs - the widening of the nostrils, the withdrawal of spaces between the ribs inward - along with the respiratory rate as a sign of acute and severe injury. Also, rapid breathing is an important sign of injury; any child who breathes more than forty times per minute must be examined and assessed, and if he breathes more than sixty times per minute (at a rate of once every second), his condition will require immediate medical attention.

For minor cases of bronchiolitis, the optimal treatment is to consider the same treatment for colds, as you should adhere to rest and drink fluids (taking into account the offer to the child and not be forced into it), and take acetaminophen or ibuprofen to treat fever and work to gently suck mucus to clean the nose. Likewise, calm exposure to humid air can heal, but very high humidity (steam bath or rainforest atmosphere) will only wet your child and upset him. For a child who has a wheeze, he may respond to the usual medication for asthma (“albuterol” or mainly bronchodilators), but children with bronchiolitis who have wheezing for the first time rarely respond to this drug.

For acute bronchiolitis, children need to go to the hospital where they can get additional oxygen when needed. Sometimes infants and children who are severely affected need intensive care. For young children and premature babies who suffer from certain chronic diseases - especially diseases of the heart or lungs - they should be specially injected during the winter to prevent infection with acute respiratory syncytial virus.

Pneumonia

With pneumonia, the infection spreads from the bronchi or bronchioles to the lungs themselves. Unlike bronchitis and bronchiolitis, bacteria are more likely to cause pneumonia than viruses, and although bacterial infections are more dangerous, they, unlike viral infections, respond to antibiotic treatment, whether orally or by injection, and improve. Cases of infection with pneumonia caused by viruses on their own, and take from two to four weeks, and X-rays can sometimes help differentiate the different types of infection with pneumonia.

Pneumonia usually takes the form of a common cold for several days, though it sometimes begins without warning; therefore, signs such as fever or high fever that exceeds 38.5 ° C and rapid respiration rate (more than forty times per minute) should be sought. ) And frequent coughing. Sometimes a child with pneumonia makes noisy and snoring sounds, and children rarely can get rid of mucus; so do not be misled by the absence of a phlegm, not every child with pneumonia needs treatment in a hospital, but every child with a fever and a frequent cough will need his condition To a medical evaluation.

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