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Allergic rhinitis in children

Seasonal allergy (hay fever)
You may know some people with hay fever. When pollen blows in the wind, these people begin to sneeze and itch in their noses as well as runny. The tree pollen is the usual reason for this condition in the spring, while the ragweed is the reason in the autumn (the flowers rarely cause hay fever because of the large size of their pollen, where they cannot fly over distances; rather they move from a place To a place by insects and other beings).
Hay fever usually affects children after they are three or four years old, and it is often a hereditary condition within the family. Also, it is likely that the tears of the eyes and the feeling of itching in them constantly are symptoms of allergies, and the doctor can make sure to diagnose allergies based on symptoms and physical examination and his knowledge of the nature of the most common and widespread pollen in your area at different times of the year.
The incidence of allergic rhinitis throughout the year
Many chi…

Influenza in children

What to expect when infected with influenza
Influenza cases involve a degree of deception, because the virus that causes it has changed from year to year, and influenza infection in years when the virus is known or usual is bad but not really dangerous. A distinctive feature of influenza is the appearance of sudden fever, or high fever, bouts of headache, and muscle pain in the body, often accompanied by runny nose, sore throat, cough, vomiting, and diarrhea, and it can persist from one to two weeks, Only a small number of children with influenza need hospitalization and treatment.

In years when the virus is unknown or usual, things can get much worse. If the strain of the virus causing the infection is particularly contagious, it is possible that the disease will spread quickly so that almost everyone the virus encounters becomes infected. This was the case when the influenza pandemic known as the H1N1 or "swine flu" virus spread in 2009.

Ways to prevent influenza

Individuals become infected with the flu a few days after exposure to the virus that causes infection, but people with the disease can transmit the disease even before feeling tired, and those infected with the virus remain the cause of others' infection for two days after the fever has ended; this is the reason why the disease spreads very quickly.

Good hand washing and sneezing in a sleeve is one way to prevent infection, but the basis for prevention lies in immunization or vaccination. Therefore, every child who has reached six months of age or older must be vaccinated, either by injection or nasal sprays annually. Likewise, every person should be immunized against influenza, especially those who live with young children under the age of vaccination. Each year there is a new vaccine designed to provide protection against infection with new strains of influenza viruses expected to spread that year.

During the 2009 flu season, a special vaccine had to be manufactured against the H1N1 virus, but the H1N1 virus was not present or known in the usual annual vaccines, and the disease began to spread, and the vaccine was already in production; thus, it resulted in insufficient vaccines - alongside the spread of those Concerns about its safety - many children are not fully immunized against the virus.

Flu treatment

Doctors diagnose the flu based on symptoms and physical examination, and laboratory tests and analyzes can determine the virus that causes the infection in particular. As for the usual treatments for the flu, it is the commitment to rest and calm, and drink a large amount of fluids (taking into account its presentation to the child and not forcing him), In addition to taking acetaminophen or ibuprofen to treat fever and headache attacks. Aspirin is not given to children and adolescents with the flu, as it increases the risk of developing Reye's syndrome.

Antivirals also help treat the flu, especially if it is given early in an infection. As for children who have symptoms of fatigue in the middle of the flu period, they need to be examined again to make sure they do not have an ear infection, pneumonia, or any other complications