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Allergic rhinitis in children

Seasonal allergy (hay fever)
You may know some people with hay fever. When pollen blows in the wind, these people begin to sneeze and itch in their noses as well as runny. The tree pollen is the usual reason for this condition in the spring, while the ragweed is the reason in the autumn (the flowers rarely cause hay fever because of the large size of their pollen, where they cannot fly over distances; rather they move from a place To a place by insects and other beings).
Hay fever usually affects children after they are three or four years old, and it is often a hereditary condition within the family. Also, it is likely that the tears of the eyes and the feeling of itching in them constantly are symptoms of allergies, and the doctor can make sure to diagnose allergies based on symptoms and physical examination and his knowledge of the nature of the most common and widespread pollen in your area at different times of the year.
The incidence of allergic rhinitis throughout the year
Many chi…

Vomiting skimming and diarrhea in children

Infection (gastroenteritis)

Viruses cause most cases of diarrhea in children, and this infection is known by different names: infectious fever, intestinal fever, or "bedbugs", or gastroenteritis. This condition may be accompanied by a rise in the temperature of the child along with vomiting and stomach ache (which is not usually severe), and the child will usually recover within a few days, but members of his family or colleagues often have the same disease.

It is worth noting that there is no specific treatment for this disease except eating small amounts of repeated medication to prevent dehydration, and you can buy some dehydration solutions from the pharmacy or prepare them yourself by mixing salt with sugar. In addition, allow your child to eat whatever foods he wants; do not limit yourself to milk or dairy products, but do not avoid them either.

If your child suffers from severe fatigue - that is, his fever or some cramps appear, or if the diarrhea is mixed with blood or mucus - it may be a bacterial infection, and salmonella is one of the common germs along with coli amoebas, shigella, uterus, and a few other types. Some cases require taking antibiotics, so send a sample of the child's stools for laboratory testing.

Moreover, salmonella, coli amoeba and some dangerous bacteria are usually found in meat and even vegetables in grocery stores. To protect yourself and your child from these dangerous types, follow the safe steps in cooking, preparing and storing food.

Vomiting not accompanied by diarrhea

Often vomiting accompanies diarrhea as a result of infection or possibly food poisoning. As for the vomiting that is not accompanied by diarrhea, it is worrisome, as it appears as a result of an intestinal obstruction (especially if the vomiting is yellow), swallowing a poison or drug, or a serious infection anywhere in the body, or pressure on the brain. Very briefly: this condition must be diagnosed by the doctor.

If the infant continues to vomit, accompanied by inflammation, itching of the buttocks and weight loss, it may be due to gastroesophageal reflux. There is a muscle separating the esophagus with the stomach that acts as a valve, opens to allow food to enter the stomach and then closes to keep it and not return to the mouth, and in cases of children Infants The nerves that control this valve are weak, and thus allow the system to be breached; thus the valve opens at a wrong time and the contents of the stomach - food mixed with acid - goes to the wrong place. Over time, the acid may irritate the esophagus, causing heartburn (heartburn), and this inflammation, in turn, makes the valve less effective.

Once the problem has been diagnosed as an esophageal gastric reflux, the solution is as simple as feeding the baby frequently. Consequently, the stomach will not fill, the pressure on it will decrease, and the food will remain inside it. You can also make your child's food more intense by adding about 1 teaspoon of rice cereal to every eight ounces of a bottle. In addition, try to place your child on his stomach

With his head raised a few inches above the stomach, then gravity does the rest (and you should monitor your infant and place him on his back if he falls asleep, because sudden death syndrome in infants is less prevalent among those who sleep on their backs), and in the event that gastroesophageal reflux does not respond to these practices, The drug may help reduce acidity and sometimes strengthen the valve muscle.

Food poisoning

Food poisoning is caused by toxins caused by a certain type of bacteria. The taste of food may seem unusually different. Therefore, beware of pastries stuffed with custard or whipping cream, creamy salads, and chicken fillings, as bacteria multiply with these foods if their temperature reaches room temperature. Another cause of this disease is improperly packaged food.

Symptoms of food poisoning appear in the form of vomiting, diarrhea, and cramps, sometimes the patient suffers from sudden chills accompanied by a high temperature, in addition to that, everyone who consumes contaminated food becomes vulnerable to some extent to infection with this disease at the same time, other than fever Intestinal tract that spreads among family members within a few days, and you should contact the doctor immediately if you suspect your child has food poisoning.


Parents are concerned when the child suffers from vomiting and diarrhea that the child loses a tremendous amount of body water. Infants and young people are the most vulnerable people to this disease because they do not have an abundant supply of water in the body, as they quickly lose water through the skin. There is a specific infection known to be a cause of drought, the most famous of which is cholera, which is rare in developed countries but it is widespread (and everyone fears it) in case of lack of attention to public cleanliness, as is the case of natural and man-made disasters. In the case of young children, dehydration is a serious disease.

The first symptoms of dehydration begin when the child urinates less often than usual, although it is difficult to separate in this matter if the child is still wearing diapers that may be filled with liquid stools, and the more severe the drought, the child becomes weak and consecutive, and his eyes appear dry, and may not shed tears While crying, his lips and mouth appear thirsty and dry. As for infants, the soft area on top of the head (fontanel) appears concave in shape, and if any symptoms of dehydration appear on your child, you should visit the doctor, or transfer him to the hospital as quickly as possible (and for more information about the diet followed in case of vomiting and diarrhea.

Persistent diarrhea

This type of diarrhea - often - occurs in a young child whose signs of development are clear and do not suffer from fatigue. Initially, the child may appear pale, and he may suffer from infectious fever, and sometimes the child begins his day by defecating naturally, then he excretes three to five times, where the stool is soft or liquid and has a strong smell, and it may be mucous or undigested food. The child's appetite remains open and he feels energetic and vital, as his weight increases naturally, and the result of a laboratory examination of the stool sample does not show anything strange.

This condition usually develops on its own, and in some cases the condition improves by preventing your child from eating juices, and apple juice is a main cause of this problem. Therefore, this condition is known as apple juice diarrhea, or infant diarrhea. In general, it is preferred to reduce drinking juices to eight or ten ounces per day.

When do you feel anxious?

There are many uncommon, but serious diseases, which may cause the child to have chronic diarrhea, and besides that the child acquires a little weight is one of the symptoms of concern. If the diarrhea lasts for more than a week, or the stool is mixed with blood, is pale color, or has a darker color than usual, these are good symptoms that help you assess the problem from a medical point of view.

Skimming and vomiting from the fourth month to the twelfth

When a child spreads a small amount of curd quietly from his mouth, this is called regurgitation (or skimming). But when the contents of the stomach come out in large quantities and with force enough to push them for several inches, this condition is called vomiting.

The reason for skimming children is that the muscle responsible for closing the stomach entrance has not fully grown. Anything that increases pressure in the stomach - such as shaking, extreme digestion, resting the child, or movements of digestion within the stomach itself - causes the stomach contents to flow in the wrong direction. And many infants skimming significantly during the first months, some children skimming many times after each feeding, and some do not do so only from time to time. Sometimes the milk comes out of the nose; this is not a sign of anything shocking or dangerous; it means nothing but that the nose and mouth are connected. (Milk stains are removed from sheets, diapers, and clothes more easily when they are soaked in cold water before washing).

The tendency for skimming is usually at its peak in the first weeks and months, and most children stop while they can sit; however, some of them continue skimming until they start walking. Very rarely do children start skimming when they are just a few months old. Sometimes, teething appears to make the situation a little worse. Although skimming is one of the things that causes dirtyness and some kind of distress and inconvenience, it is not important if the child is gaining weight well, and is not disturbed by coughing or shortness of breath, and he is in general happy.

On the other hand, vomiting is a different matter. New parents are often worried if their child vomits large amounts of milk, but this is not dangerous as long as it does not happen much, and the child seemed happy and healthy, and his weight increased in a reasonable way. However, there are very few children who vomit large amounts of milk for one time per day, especially in the first weeks. In this case, greater care should be taken to help the child to burp. But in most cases, vomiting or skimming continues, no matter how much you try to change infant formula, reduce amounts, or help a child burp.

If the child vomits his infant fully - in what appeared to you - and becomes comfortable afterward, do not feed him until he feels very hungry, then the stomach may be a little disturbed, and in this case it is better to give her the opportunity to feel comfortable. And remember, the amount of vomiting usually appears to be greater than it really is. There are children who undoubtedly vomit most of their infants, but they continue to gain weight satisfactorily.

It does not matter whether skimmed or regurgitated milk is acidic or coagulated, as the first steps in digestion in the stomach are acid secretion. It is normal for any food that has been in the stomach to acidify for a while, and the effect of acid on milk is to convert it to the coagulated form.

Skimming after breastfeeding, as well as vomiting from time to time, is not a cause for concern. But when should you call the doctor?

• Skimming that accompanies a child's feeling of discomfort, crying, shortness of breath, arching back, coughing, or not gaining weight properly. It can all be signs of gastroesophageal reflux.

• Vomiting starts again (more than once or twice), especially if the vomiting is violent or if the vomiting itself is yellow or green, this is a sign that it contains yellow.

• vomiting associated with high temperature or a change in activity (that is, the child sleeps for a longer period, or becomes less cheerful, or is disturbed), or any other signs of illness.

Vomiting or skimming that causes you anxiety for any reason. And even if it turns out to be old skimming, there is nothing wrong with contacting a doctor to check.

Diarrhea from the fourth month to the twelfth

The child's intestine is sensitive during the first or first two years, and she may be disturbed not only by infection but because of the introduction of any new food or abundance of fruit juices into the diet. Fortunately, this type of disorder is usually slight: in the form of bowel movement twice as much stools as usual and softer and greenest, and sometimes with an unusual smell. Most important of all is that the child is in good condition. He plays, plays with fun and urinates as normal, and he does not have any symptoms of the disease more than a slight stuffy nose or a slight decrease in appetite. Within two days, without any special treatment, the symptoms often disappear.

Doctors are used to instructing parents to prevent children from eating solid foods and artificial milk, instead replacing themselves with plenty of high-sugar fluid (such as Jell-O dissolved in water, soda, or apple juice), but this method increases Diarrhea condition gets worse. Better yet is to provide breast milk, formula, or the child's usual diet (except for any new foods that you think may have caused diarrhea), and allow him to eat whatever he wants as long as he starts to feel hungry. If the diarrhea persists for more than two or three days, consult a doctor, even if your child does not have any symptoms