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Allergic rhinitis in children


Seasonal allergy (hay fever)

You may know some people with hay fever. When pollen blows in the wind, these people begin to sneeze and itch in their noses as well as runny. The tree pollen is the usual reason for this condition in the spring, while the ragweed is the reason in the autumn (the flowers rarely cause hay fever because of the large size of their pollen, where they cannot fly over distances; rather they move from a place To a place by insects and other beings).

Hay fever usually affects children after they are three or four years old, and it is often a hereditary condition within the family. Also, it is likely that the tears of the eyes and the feeling of itching in them constantly are symptoms of allergies, and the doctor can make sure to diagnose allergies based on symptoms and physical examination and his knowledge of the nature of the most common and widespread pollen in your area at different times of the year.

The incidence of allergic rhinitis throughout the year

Many children suffer from allergies to dust mites or molds (the most common allergens), pet's hair and their fur, goose feathers, or other materials. And this sensitivity throughout the year causes the nose to become stuffy or runny for periods that extend for weeks, and it also causes them to continue their chronic breathing from the mouth and the presence of fluids inside the ears in most cases or the recurrence of sinus infections.

Symptoms may get worse in the winter because closing windows and doors keeps allergens in the house and does not get fresh and fresh air into the home. Physical signs of an allergy include dark circles and wrinkles under the eyes and around the nose, and children with chronic allergies often find it difficult to pay attention and focus on the academic level because they feel tired, unable to hear clearly, or simply uncomfortable.

Treating allergic rhinitis

For hay fever treatment, sometimes a few simple steps are sufficient; such as keeping windows closed while driving and sleeping, using the air conditioner as much as possible, and staying at home when pollen numbers increase. For allergies throughout the year, blood tests often determine their causes, and the affected person sometimes has to undergo a skin prick test.

If the cause of the allergy is goose feathers, you can change the pillow, and if the cause is the dog in the house, you can search for other pets. For dust mites, some mothers clean their homes with a high-efficiency vacuum cleaner two or three times a week, while others remove and clean carpets and curtains, especially in the children's bedroom, and you can get rid of stuffed animal dolls (where the dust mite lives), or wash them with water Hot every week or two, and you can wrap your child's mattress and pillows inside plastic zip-tight lids, with tape applied to the zippers to lock in allergens inside these covers. Also, maintaining room humidity below 50 percent reduces dust and mold mites, and electrostatic air purifiers can help a lot in this regard. If avoiding allergens does not work with treatment, there are several types of medications that can be tried.

Antihistamines (Benadryl is one of its brands) eliminate the effectiveness of the main step of an allergic reaction, and these drugs have been circulated for a long time, they are inexpensive and safe, but they often cause drowsiness for children and affect their alertness in school. On the other hand, newer antihistamines (Claritin, your Minister and many others) are more expensive and have the same potency, but their side effects are sometimes less than others. However, it is worth trying out the old antihistamines first. Antihistamines are found in the form of syrups, pills and sprays.

Other anti-allergic drugs either block the effectiveness of the various steps in response to an allergic response or reduce the overall immune response. Likewise, medications such as montelukast (Singulair and other names) or fluticasone (such as Flonase) can help in treatment even though they need to be taken under heavy medical supervision to monitor their side effects. For acute allergies that do not respond to medications, immunotherapy (allergy injection) may help you recover, but you will need to balance the benefits against the cost and pain that will be incurred before taking this treatment.

Ways to prevent allergies

Allergies are more common in rich countries than in developing countries. Perhaps one of the reasons for this relates to intestinal parasites. Allergic states occur due to the excessive activity of the same part of the immune system that addresses parasites. In places where modern sanitation services were able to get rid of parasites, the immune system no longer has a lower rate of serious threats - pills. Pollen or cat fur - which has been completely ignored. We do not know whether this theory - or what is known as the health hypothesis - is true or not despite its logic, so exposure to a certain amount of dust, dirt and creatures that crawl is really good for children. If this is the case, allergy prevention will be another good reason to let your child play outside the home.

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